You would be surprised at the complex process that lies behind a product as humble as a tissue paper. The world of the making of a tissue paper is a fascinating one. It all starts with first producing the paper. Paper is made from broadly two types of materials. It is either made from virgin paper; virgin paper in its turn is made from chipped wood. The other material from which tissue paper is made is recycled paper. As far as virgin paper is involved, around 70% hardwood trees and 30% softwood trees are used in making the pulp.
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How Tissue is made from Virgin Paper:
It all starts with the trees. At first the trees are identified and debarked with the help of machines. They are debarked thinly, leaving as much wood as possible. The bare logs are then cut into smaller pieces and segregated with the help of machines. These pieces then go through a process of being transformed chemically. This process evaporates the moisture and breaks down the pieces into cellulose fibers and adhesives and some other substances. This is how one gets pulp, the building block of making paper.
The pulp is then bleached till all the adhesive is removed and mixed with water to make paper stock. This stock is sprayed on screens to drain all the water. After the draining the mass is dried, pressed and afterwards scraped off with the help of metal blades and wound around gigantic reels to create paper rolls. These rolls are then cut into small strips and perforated by passing them through specialized machines. At the final stage the rolls are cut to make soft tissue papers.
How Tissue is made from Recycled Paper
This paper starts with the sorting. Waste paper is collected and sorted into different batches, after that they are brought into the paper mills. In the mill they follow a similar process to that of manufacturing virgin paper. The recycled paper is mixed with water and various chemicals. After that they are washed, bleached, pulped, filtered and refined. The rolls are then brought to converting factories where they are converted into the final product, which is the tissue paper.
This entire process is mechanized and there are various noteworthy companies involved. Among these the tissue paper converting companies are perhaps the most significant as they bring the final transformation, by virtue of which the paper logs go through the final metamorphosis to become soft absorbent tissue papers.